What is porcelain tile?

Porcelain tile is a special type of ceramics that is baked at a higher temperature than normal ceramic and also its soil and ingredients are different from normal ceramics, also sometimes in the case of some porcelain products, molds and ceramic biscuits are made in presses with More pressure has been formed, which makes it to have a more resistant structure than ordinary ceramics.

which these differences cause to:


1. In terms of resistance to abrasion and load bearing, porcelain has a better performance than ordinary ceramics, which is why it is recommended to use porcelain ceramics in environments with a higher traffic rate and routes with the possibility of car traffic, such as parking lots. .

2. Porcelain has less permeability than normal ceramic because of its more dense texture, and porcelain has more weight compared to normal ceramic in the same dimensions.



3. Porcelain is more resistant to temperature change and it is recommended to use porcelain for environments with high temperature changes such as open environments and environments with the possibility of freezing.

How to distinguish porcelain from ordinary ceramics:


  • More weight in molds of the same size than ordinary ceramics
  • 1 to 3 mm thicker than normal ceramic
  • Light color of the body and back of the mold (usually milky)




  • Smoother and cleaner edges than normal ceramic


  • A denser and softer texture behind the ceramic mold





What types of ceramics are super polished ceramics and nano ceramics?

Today, ceramics are the most common types of interior coverings that are produced in all kinds of designs colors and models. Polished ceramic is a common name that is seen more these days, in addition to super polished ceramic, which are special types of internal coatings.

Super Polished Ceramic and Nano Glazed Ceramic in their specialized type are ceramics that are known in the construction industry today, especially for building coatings.
But what kind of ceramics are super polished ceramics and nano glaze ceramics and what are their advantages?
In general ceramics that have nano and polishing characteristics are known as nano ceramics, polishing ceramics and polishing porcelain, and they have been good Alternativs in recent years due to their many advantages.



Polished ceramic

Ceramics with porcelain bodies have a compact and dense texture and a rough surface after they`re baked. Roughness is considered an advantage for ceramics that are produced for outdoor use, but for installation in indoor spaces, especially for indoor spaces with residential use, most consumers are looking for a type of ceramic coating that has a high gloss and shine. and be a suitable alternative for covering natural stone. To answer this demand manufacturers should have floor ceramics with a transparent and shiny surface in their product portfolio.
But as mentioned, porcelain ceramics have a rough and non-transparent texture. To fix this roughness and achieve a smooth and shiny surface, there are two solutions:

Use of glaze coating

By using a glossy glaze coating on the surface of the ceramic, the ceramic is known as glazed ceramic and is out of the discussion of this article. Glazed ceramics are one of the old types of ceramic products and are usually sold at lower prices in the market.

Ceramic surface polishing

Using this method, the surface of the product is polished to a very fine degree on the porcelain ceramic (raw or glazed) and the ceramic reaches the transparency of surfaces like glass surfaces. This finishing and polishing is done by a line of machines with various brushes and during a separate process after the production of the ceramic.
The term super polished ceramic refers to the highly polished surface of the ceramic, which itself causes a lot of shine and polish in this category of products. But performing this operation on ceramics causes very small pores to appear on the ceramic surface. To solve this problem, we need nano coating.

Nano glaze ceramic

The presence of very small pores and seams on the floor ceramic surface causes the absorption of dirt and dust particles, as well as the permeability of the surface against liquids spilled on the surface. If this penetration happens, it will reduce the brightness and polish of these products.

The solution to prevent this from happening is to use nano coatings. These coatings, which are a kind of complement to glazing and surface polishing, by penetrating the pores of the surface, make the polished surface secure against the penetration of dust and liquids and add hydrophobicity to the surface. The process of adding this nano coating to the surface of the products is a time-consuming and difficult process, in which two compounds are added on the ceramic for at least ten times, and between each addition, the ceramics are re-placed inside the furnace.
It is necessary to explain that the durability of these types of coatings is not lifelong and the installed ceramics will gradually lose this property after some time of use.
The characteristics of this type of products can be mentioned as being more durable against the penetration of mass and moisture, as well as having a transparency close to glass surfaces. Also carrying out these time-consuming processes increases production costs and the price of these types of products.

what time to choose ceramic tiles In a building, there are many parameters that can be changed according to the type of building and the uses of that building. Generally, for the floor of every building, it is tried to use bright and shiny colors that both make the space look larger and the beauty of the space. Of course, it should be kept in mind that the glossiness of the ceramic floor, in addition to its beauty and appearance, causes more slippage and the possibility of sliding on this type of ceramic is much more than other ceramics. Besides all the features of this product, including beauty and Very impressive, this type of ceramic because it is shiny makes any kind of dirt and stain easily visible and requires more cleaning compared to other ceramics. You can click on the picture below.
Of course, in using different types of floor ceramics for the building, it is necessary to use ceramics with matte glaze, which can be different depending on the style of architecture. Porcelain ceramics with glossy glaze can be one of the interesting options. whose surface gloss makes the space appear larger and more beautiful.

Ceramics with polished glaze

Ceramics with polished and nano-polished glazes have been on the market for about two years and have attracted the attention of many architects and colleagues.
At the beginning of the word polishing, it is better to define this word. The word polishing means polishing, glossy, varnish, waxing, etc. Using the method of polishing ceramic tiles on raw or glazed porcelain, the surface of the ceramic is polished. It is possible that this payment is very low, that this low payment gives clarity to the work and it becomes more polished than before in the next payment stages.
The term polishing and nano-polishing for ceramic and tile refers to its surface characteristics, including a smooth and polished surface that makes its surface shiny and glossy. Polishing in the tile and ceramic industry can be like sanding in building stones. He knew that after that, resin is used and sanded again until the surface of the stone is uniform and smooth. Polishing on the ceramic causes tiny holes to be created on the ceramic, and to remove these holes, the surface of the ceramic must be made nano.

Differences between polishing and nano polishing ceramics

It is at this stage that it is possible for fine dust particles to penetrate into the small surfaces created by the polishing of the design and destroy the beauty and brilliance of the work, and nano coatings can be used to solve this problem.
The surfaces created on the ceramic are filled with nano, which is a type of coating nanos that complements the glazing and polishing of the surface.

Nano-polished surfaces have water-repellent properties and make the appearance of ceramics different from other examples, of course, the nano-polishing process of ceramics is a time-consuming process and brings a lot of difficulties for the manufacturer, for example, It can be said that this process of nano coating is repeated ten times on the surface of the ceramic, which is sent to the furnace once between each dipping of the ceramic.
Of course, it should be noted that this coating is not permanent like other glazes, and there is a possibility of their destruction, which of course is not the case for other glazes.



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